Food Security, as defined by The United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security, means that all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life. This implies that any country or state that lacks access to sufficient food to meet its dietary needs at all times, especially at a wide margin, is at the risk of becoming a food insecure nation..... Food Security
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in a recent report highlighted that “In conflict-hit northern Nigeria, projections for the June-August lean season show that the number of people in emergency levels of acute food insecurity is likely to almost double – to over 1.2 million – since the same period last year. In the next six months, food and nutrition insecurity is set to rise considerably in northern Nigeria with some 13 million people affected unless food and livelihood assistance is scaled up”.
There are various factors that contribute to food insecurity in Nigeria, they are High level of poverty due to significant low-income earning population, climate change impacting farming yields, little or no use of agri-tech solutions to make farming more efficient and price inflation. Other secondary factors are limited access to proper post-harvest storage solutions, limited access to processing facilities and equipment, lack of investment in the agricultural sector, and inadequate agricultural infrastructure, in addition to low access to information and markets for smallholder farmers.... Neco expo 2021